Recycling plant and research center of construction and demolition waste in the metropolitan area of Vitória (Espírito Santo, Brazil)


This article presents the design essay of a Recycling and Research Center for Construction and Demolition Waste planned for the Greater Vitória Metropolitan Area (GVMA) and developed during the study that resulted in the research paper required for obtaining the Architecture and Urbanism degree at the Federal University of Espírito Santo (Vitória, Brazil). For conceptual, technical and methodological basis, semistructured interviews and field work were carried out in the cities of São Paulo (SP), São Bernardo do Campo (SP), Guarulhos (SP) and Belo Horizonte (MG), the ones representing the national scenario of construction and demolition waste (CDW) management. The cities of Cariacica, Vila Velha, Vitória and Serra, in the state of Espírito Santo, served as samples of the local scenario. International literature review on similar cases showed recycling plants with sustainable characteristics, which also provided basis for developing this architectural design. The design essay mainly aims at reusing CDW, which is intended for meeting the demands deriving from the expansion of urban nucleus in GVMA. In order to achieve these goals, systematized guidelines were adopted and grouped according to the following themes: i) Building; ii) Conservation and protection of natural resources; iii) Sustainable surroundings; iv) Thermal, acoustic and lighting comfort; and v) Social, environmental and economical issues. It was verified that there is a national demand for recycling plants to mitigate environmental and economical problems caused by the irregular deposition of these wastes.

Date: 2009

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